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In this article, we will discuss the “Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Energy”.
Solar energy is abundant and a natural energy resource. During an hour, the sun produces enough energy to supply all the world’s power needs for a year.
It may seem absurd, but it is true. Many governments and businesses use solar energy since it is a renewable source of energy.
A rising population means a growing demand for energy, and the limited amount of fuel resources won’t last as long as the demand increases.
Sunlight can be a great non-depleting energy source. There are unlimited benefits to using solar energy as a power source, but there are also drawbacks.
Despite what they say, “not everything that glitters is gold,” and this is true of solar energy as well. This is a practically worry-free source of energy.
It’s worth noting that a number of factors go into the manufacturing and installation of solar panels, making it worth reconsidering switching entirely to solar power.
Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of Solar energy.
Advantages Of Solar Energy
1. Clean Energy Source:
It is a clean energy source that produces no harmful byproducts.
In its proper form, solar energy is a sustainable source of energy that is accessible worldwide. There is no harm in harnessing solar energy, and it is environmentally friendly.
2. Reduction In Electricity Bills:
You can reduce your electricity bill with solar energy since it reduces your power consumption.
Depending on how much solar energy your solar panel setup produces and how much electricity you use every day, you will reduce your electricity consumption.
3. Multiple Applications:
Multiple uses can be found for solar energy. Heat and electricity can be generated from it. Distanced areas where lower grid lines cannot be used for electric transmission benefit from this technology.
4. Low Maintenance Cost:
The other advantage of solar energy is that it does not require much maintenance after installation. As long as you keep the panels clean, it will function well. At a minimal cost, you can do it yourself or hire someone to do it for you.
Solar panel manufacturers provide warranties of up to 25 years. Having all the parts fixed means that you don’t have to worry about moving parts wearing away.
5. Independent Source Of Energy:
Energy isn’t readily available in many countries, so they must import fuels and other resources from abroad.
It would be a great solution if solar energy could meet the power demand for all of the nation. If every country is self-sufficient in producing energy, the use of fossil fuels will also decrease.
6. Lower Impact On Environment:
Renewable solar energy is completely safe for the environment since it doesn’t emit any harmful substances when it is produced or used.
Solar energy, in addition to being abundant, also has fewer environmental impacts. The amount of carbon dioxide and harmful gases released into the environment is reduced through solar energy.
There is always a risk of running out of energy resources due to the growth of the population. As long as there is a Sun, solar energy will always exist.
In addition, with solar energy as a power source, other energy sources are less stressed, and you are less likely to experience resource depletion.
8. Used On Underutilized Land:
A great way to make use of land while not disrupting wildlife is by installing solar panels. It is also possible to install solar power systems on barren lands that cannot be used for agriculture.
Solar panels are also being installed on top of water bodies used for fishing. Using solar power can be the most cost-effective way to generate electricity.
Solar panels can also be installed on the rooftops of large buildings and factories. The panels will reduce the building’s electricity usage, and you will be able to utilize an unused area.
9. Increase In Property Value:
Your home’s resale value will indirectly increase if you install solar panels on your roof. Your home’s panels will be worth more when you sell it next time.
Homeowners who plan to resell their homes soon can invest in solar panels.
10. Lower Water Pollution:
In the same way as every other manufacturing process, the manufacturing of solar panels leads to some form of pollution of water.
In contrast, solar panels use much less water than most other sources of energy that rely on water to cool their components.
In those places where there is no other source of electricity available, solar energy is a good option to create electricity.
There are some locations that are remote, and solar power is an excellent option for sites that are hard to connect to the local grid.
Disadvantages of Solar Energy
1. Installation Cost Is Too High:
The cost of installation is one of the biggest disadvantages of solar energy.
It can cost anywhere between 15000$ and 30000$ to install a solar power system at your average-sized home, and that’s without including batteries to store the power.
The cost of this system includes solar panels, wiring, an inverter, permits, installation, and maintenance.
Solar energy has the major drawback of being dependent on sunlight. Using solar energy at night is not possible.
It is necessary to have other sources of energy to satisfy your power needs at night in order to use electricity at night.
You can store electricity produced during the day or use it to meet your power demand at night. However, the batteries it takes to store the power will be more expensive.
3. Dependent On Weather:
In addition to being weather-dependent, solar energy has another disadvantage. On a rainy day, solar panels can collect solar power, but their efficiency compared to a sunny day is drastically lower.
Changes in the weather affect solar energy efficiency as seasons change. During the summer, you will be able to generate more solar power than during the winter or during the rain.
Places with longer winters and rainy days are not ideal for investing too much money in solar panels.
4. Costly Storage:
Solar energy must be used as soon as possible.
Battery storage is an option, but battery costs for large-capacity batteries are high, increasing the cost of the installation of a solar power plant. The installation of the system would cost about 20,000 dollars more than the original cost of the system.
During the day, solar energy would be a better option than the local grid at night.
5. Lots Of Space Required for Installation:
In order to capture as much sunlight as possible, more solar panels are needed.
In order to install solar panels, you need a lot of space, and you might not have enough space if you install them on your roof.
Solar panels require space, as well as a certain amount of sunlight to be installed.
6. Not Efficient:
Solar panels are generally not fully efficient, and they convert about 22 percent of their total energy into electricity. If the panels have mirrors and motors that follow the sun’s movement, the highest energy efficiency will be about 85 percent.
Based on theoretical calculations, the highest energy efficiency for a system that doesn’t follow the sun is about 55 percent. A cloudy day’s designs take into account the sun’s position as well.
7. Pollution And Impact On Environment:
Despite the fact that solar energy in and of itself is a renewable resource that has no detrimental effect on the environment, it is the manufacturing of solar panels that does.
Among the compounds found in solar panels are lead and cadmium, both of which are highly toxic. The production of other harmful compounds during solar panel manufacturing is not regulated in several countries, and they are not properly disposed of.
Other installation requirements, such as transporting solar panels, cause pollution.
Solar panels require a large amount of land, and cannot be used for agriculture as windmills can.
8. Location Dependent:
Depending on the location, solar energy has yet another disadvantage. An important factor in generating power is the area where the solar panels are installed. Not all parts of the world receive the same amount of sunlight.
As you move farther from the equator, you receive less sunlight, resulting in less solar energy being produced.
The panels are also vulnerable to deterioration from constant exposure to the elements, including the wind, dirt, and rain.
Conclusion on Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Energy
One of the purest forms of energy, solar energy has the potential to meet all of the world’s energy needs, and there would be no need to rely on other sources.
The sun is the sole source of solar energy. Solar energy is not a concern as long as there is sunlight.
Before switching completely to solar energy, there are certain determining factors to be considered. Your plans to install a solar energy system might be hampered by the initial cost and space restrictions.
In the future, solar energy might become more affordable and efficient. However, solar energy is still developing.
We discussed the advantages and disadvantages of solar energy in detail.
Feel free to ask any questions you may have about this article.
Hopefully, you will find this article interesting.
Thank you for reading.
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