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The purpose of this article is to explain the “Advantages and Disadvantages of X-ray“.
The X-ray was discovered in 1895 by German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen. His discovery of x-rays passing through substances was made accidentally while testing cathode rays. It didn’t take him long to discover that these rays could also pass through tissues, showing an image of the inside of the human body.
In those days, diagnosis of problems could only be done by cutting a body part. By discovering the X-Ray, people were able to see inside their bodies without making incisions. All time’s greatest discoveries have come from this discovery.
In today’s world, we are capable of diagnosing all types of cancer, broken bones, and other issues with the aid of X-ray technology. X-rays come in a variety of types as we have already discussed. Here, we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this system.
Advantages and Disadvantages of X-Ray
Advantages of X-ray
X-Rays are advantageous because they allow us to see inside the body without having surgery. This instrument was first used by doctors to locate bullets in the body and fractures in bones when it was discovered. Another benefit of using X-rays is that they can provide a lot of information.
1. Simple technique
A simple and quick method for obtaining an X-Ray image is the X-Ray technique. The use of this device is therefore restricted to emergency situations.
Medical professionals are better able to diagnose the problem when they know its cause. An X-ray will be a suitable option to treat patients in emergency situations since they may not have the ability to explain their medical conditions.
Radiographers capture images of the targeted area of the body in this procedure. The doctor will tell you about some precautions you should take at the beginning.
Our use of X-Rays has been cost-effective for many years. Using radiographic images to study the bone structure and muscles of the body has saved surgical procedure costs.
In addition, by detecting health problems early, we can significantly reduce treatment costs. Hospitals and outpatient centers can also perform X-rays. As a result, these tests can be easily accessed and are inexpensive.
3. Low radiation
X-rays expose the patient to varying levels of radiation, depending on their type. You are exposed to very little radiation through X-rays compared to other radiation sources. The low radiation of X-rays seems acceptable when you consider their benefits.
The X-ray gives the patient information that can save their lives. There is no immediate danger associated with low radiation exposure, according to the ideal scenario.
4. Diagnose tumors
In most cases, X-rays are painless, which makes them an ideal method of diagnosing tumors. In simple terms, tumors are abnormal masses of tissue that may become cancerous at times. There are problems at that point.
Cancers can be detected by x-rays and if they are, they can be eradicated with the help of x-rays. Treatment chances increase as a result. Early detection of diseases can lead to better management in comparison to later diagnosis. As a result, the patient’s distress is reduced and costly treatments are avoided.
5. Locates foreign objects
Foreign objects in the body can be located using X-rays together with tumors and cancers. The term foreign object refers to objects found in the body that do not belong there. The body can receive these objects from the external environment, either voluntarily or involuntarily.
Surgical procedures and ingestion are two ways foreign objects can enter the body. A person’s body can also become infected accidentally. In order to avoid serious health problems, it is very important to locate these foreign objects using X-rays and to get rid of them as soon as possible.
Disadvantages of X-ray
Technology based on X-rays has undoubtedly proved to be beneficial, but it also has some drawbacks. X-rays have a number of disadvantages.
1. Cell mutation
You were exposed to lower radiation levels with X-rays discussed in the advantages section. As a result, we are in control of the side effects. However, the statement is no longer valid as X-ray frequency increases.
In higher doses, X-rays emit ionizing radiation Cancer can be caused by high doses. Cells’ DNA can be altered by it, thus altering them. This leads to cancer as a result of a loss of control over cell division.
2. Absorbed radiation
The radiation emitted by X-rays is absorbed in different ways by different body parts. Hence, radiographic images of dense bone appear white because it absorbs more radiation. Radiation is absorbed less by soft tissues, making them appear gray.
There is nothing but air in the black area of the image. In the worst-case scenario, calcium absorbs a greater amount of radiation and may lead to fractures and growth arrests.
Due to the presence of elements with higher atomic numbers, bone absorbs a great deal of radiation. Radiation passes through soft tissues that absorb less radiation. As a result of the bone’s greater ability to absorb radiation, it can also make diagnostic data less visible.
When X-rays are taken in this manner, information that may be helpful in treatment planning may be blocked, which defeats the purpose of doing so.
3. Less information
As compared to other imaging tests, X-rays provide relatively little information. It is also possible that some tests will require multiple radiographic images. Each image exposes the viewer to a higher dose of radiation, resulting in high radiation exposure. In order to reduce the exposure while improving the treatment process, medical professionals must seek alternatives.
4. Affects tissues
Medical conditions can be diagnosed with X-rays in small doses. The dose, however, can harm living tissue if it is applied repeatedly over time. Vomiting and bleeding are common side effects of radiation exposure.
During the process of irradiation, radio waves penetrate the living tissues and destroy them. Consequently, the skin and hair fall out, and fainting is common. In order to limit exposure to radiation during tests, precautions are taken such as shielding vulnerable body parts.
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