The purpose of this article is to explain the “Advantages and Disadvantages of HTML“.
Advantages of HTML
Take action now instead of procrastinating. HTML has several advantages:
1. Old and renowned
In fact, HTML has been around for decades, more particularly since 1993, as with other popular markup languages such as troff (mid-1960s), TeX (1978), PostScript (1982), LaTeX (1984), and even XML (1996). Living Standard was released in 2021, and it was not only preserved, but strengthened by HTML5 and XHTML 5 (Extensible HyperText Markup Language) released in 2014. It is important to note that neither of these two options is a full replacement, but is rather an upgrade, or what’s officially known as restructuring. Original HTML continues to be in use today.
2. Starting point for web developers
Despite their simplicity, HTML elements are essential components of a modern web page. The markup language is the basis for structuring web pages. The HTML elements in the World Wide Web are the building blocks of metadata that provide annotations to the documents.
3. Easy to learn, write and use
HTML has a simple structure, which is one of its primary advantages. The composition is predefined, including the start and end tags within enclosed angle brackets (“start” and “end” respectively). Besides tags, attributes can add further information to tags, such as how a tag is to be interpreted by a browser or whether to embed multimedia or other languages. The attributes are typically separated by “=” and enclosed within single quotation marks (‘) or double quotation marks (“).
In addition, HTML also supports comments, which are easily distinguishable text that cannot be interpreted by browsers and which humans find useful. Furthermore, HTML has an intuitive hierarchy that results in a visual display that is almost instantaneous. A number of free applications can also be used to detect errors in code.
4. Globally accepted and instructed
HTML can be taught across the globe, which is a major pro. A person can learn its tenets and apply them whatever the language, once they have become accustomed to it. “Document Type Declarations” or “doctypes” assist in the effortless and accurate rendering of any document. HTML 4.0 was the first to include support for character encodings. Among the 252 character entities and 1.114.500 numeric character references that HTML5 recognizes, 252 are visual entities.
In this way, a symbol can be used at any point within the document without causing confusion, such as * at the start of a tag, and * at the end (<). A lot of characters, letters, and symbols in the world’s writing systems can also be written with entity references on keyboards. Users can write the letter “é” in various ways, such as “é”, “é”, or “é”.
5. Supported by all web browsers, lightweight, requires no installation
There is no installation requirement for HTML since all major Internet browsers support it. Scripting and some programming languages are not like this. In addition, HTML uses only text and can include multimedia or hyperlinks. It is therefore lightweight, and Web hosting providers and website owners benefit from reduced server load, loading times, and costs.
6. Adequate for template use
You can create a website in an hour, perhaps even minutes, by using HTML templates, usually combined with CSS. The foundation laid out makes it easy for anyone, even a newbie, to fill in empty spaces with text, swap generic names with their own, and even embed specific elements required by the page. Likewise, templates with comments are available for beginners, allowing them to learn by example.
7. Useful for storing data
In HTML, data may be stored temporarily on a device or computer or permanently without a time limit, regardless of the browser session. As well as providing support for a wide variety of data types, such as scripts, stylesheets, IDs, languages, colors, descriptors, values for attributes, dates, times, or even URI (Uniform Resource Identifier), it also includes numerous other capabilities.
Disadvantages of HTML
Let’s not waste any time and get to the bottom of this matter. HTML has several major shortcomings:
1. Structure can get too intricate and lengthy
The predefined structure of almost all tags including a start and an end, as well as a preceding and succeeding tag, can make things a bit chaotic. There are hundreds of identical-looking lines, which makes it difficult to spot an error, but the code is also slow. When you put a lot of effort into something you get a small return. Templates can be used to solve part of this problem and CSS can be used to style the entire site globally.
2. Unsuitable for dynamic output
3. Not secure
A decade ago, browsing the Internet without any protection seemed harmless, but now that VPNs are becoming a commodity, browsing the internet unprotected becomes a concern. HTML is no help here either. Although it offers standard components such as data encryption and login forms, it doesn’t offer comprehensive security features. Further, it makes it easy for another person to inspect the source code and use/sell it as an HTML template.
4. Deprecated tags and lack of creativity
Though old tags keep decades of knowledge active, HTML can’t embed many languages due to the support for old tags. Even if the syntax is correct, it can cause conflicts and cause problems. Moreover, HTML’s age and inflexibility prevent creativity. In web development, improvising code or finding more effective or optimized solutions is not possible.
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